Low back pain (LBP) remains a common medical and socioeconomic problem. The mechanisms underlying chronic or recurrent nonspecific (mechanical) LBP, in particular, are still poorly understood.
 
Neuroplasticity relates to the capacity of the nervous system to undergo functional and structural changes, such as when learning new things, generating new thoughts or creating new links between previously unlinked concepts. It is important to remember that neuroplastic changes can be positive (adaptive) or negative (maladaptive)!
 
Neural networks that process pain and nociception, sensorimotor function, and cognition and emotion are all important in the context of LBP. Research on neuroplasticity within the context of LBP considers the domain spectrum (pain/nociceptive processing and sensorimotor control), the time spectrum (short- and long-term changes in function), and the complexity spectrum (such as research on how people seek care).
 
The goal of this commentary is to provide an overview of neuroplasticity in LBP, in particular. Specifically, it aimed to define neuroplasticity in relation to the processing of pain and nociception in LBP, sensorimotor motor control of the spine and the potential for system adaptation. Additionally, it aimed to outline structural and functional changes as they relate to nonspecific (mechanical) LBP and sensorimotor function. Finally, it intended to address the related clinical implications of neuroplasticity…LOG IN OR SUBSCRIBE TO ACCESS THIS REVIEW!
 
THIS WEEK'S RESEARCH REVIEW:
 
“Neuroplasticity of Sensorimotor Control in Low Back Pain”
 
This paper was published in JOSPT (2019) and this Review is posted in Recent Reviews, Low Back Pain, Pain - Neuroplasticity and the 2019 Archive.
 
Neuroplasticity